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ECDC and WHO call for improved HIV testing in Europe

ECDC - News - 8 ore 40 de minute în urmă
The number of people living with undiagnosed HIV is increasing in the WHO European Region. According to data published today by ECDC and the WHO/Europe, more than 136 000 people were newly diagnosed in 2019 – roughly 20% of these were diagnosed in the EU/EAA and 80% in the eastern part of the European Region. Every second HIV diagnosis (53%) happens at a late stage of the infection, when the immune system has already started to fail. This is a sign that testing strategies in the Region are not working properly to diagnose HIV early.
Categorii: C.D.C. (Europe)

Every move counts towards better health – says WHO

WHO news - 21 de ore 41 de minute în urmă

Up to 5 million deaths a year could be averted if the global population was more active. At a time when many people are home bound due to COVID-19, new WHO Guidelines on physical activity and sedentary behaviour, launched today, emphasize that everyone, of all ages and abilities, can be physically active and that every type of movement counts.

The new guidelines recommend at least 150 to 300 minutes of moderate to vigorous aerobic activity per week for all adults, including people living with chronic conditions or disability, and an average of 60 minutes per day for children and adolescents.

WHO statistics show that one in four adults, and four out of five adolescents, do not get enough physical activity.  Globally this is estimated to cost US$54 billion in direct health care and another US$14 billion to lost productivity.

The guidelines encourage women to maintain regular physical activity throughout pregnancy and post-delivery. They also highlight the valuable health benefits of physical activity for people living with disabilities.

Older adults (aged 65 years or older) are advised to add activities which emphasize balance and coordination, as well as muscle strengthening, to help prevent falls and improve health.

Regular physical activity is key to preventing and helping to manage heart disease, type-2 diabetes, and cancer, as well as reducing symptoms of depression and anxiety, reducing cognitive decline, improving memory and boosting brain health.

“Being physically active is critical for health and well-being – it can help to add years to life and life to years,” said WHO Director-General Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus. “Every move counts, especially now as we manage the constraints of the COVID-19 pandemic. We must all move every day – safely and creatively.” 

All physical activity is beneficial and can be done as part of work, sport and leisure or transport (walking, wheeling and cycling), but also through dance, play and everyday household tasks, like gardening and cleaning.

“Physical activity of any type, and any duration can improve health and wellbeing, but more is always better,” said Dr Ruediger Krech, Director of Health Promotion, World Health Organization, “and if you must spend a lot of time sitting still, whether at work or school, you should do more physical activity to counter the harmful effects of sedentary behaviour.”

“These new guidelines highlight how important being active is for our hearts, bodies and minds, and how the favourable outcomes benefit everyone, of all ages and abilities”, said Dr Fiona Bull, Head of the Physical Activity Unit which led the development of the new WHO guidelines.

WHO encourages countries to adopt the global guidelines to develop national health policies in support of the WHO Global action plan on physical activity 2018-2030. The plan was agreed by global health leaders at the 71st World Health Assembly in 2018 to reduce physical inactivity by 15% by 2030.

Update: WHO revision of pain management guidelines

WHO news - Mie, 11/25/2020 - 14:58

 

This is an update of the August 2019 information brief on WHO’s revision of the two following guidelines:

  • Ensuring balance in national policies on controlled substances: Guidance for availability and accessibility of controlled medicines (2011)
  • WHO guidelines on the pharmacological treatment of persisting pain in children with medical illnesses (2012)
   WHO guideline on ensuring balanced national policies for access and safe use of controlled medicinesGuideline on the management of chronic pain in childrenGuideline Stage Lead WHO technical unit Access to Medicines and Health Products
Controlled.medicines@who.int
  Maternal Newborn Child and Adolescent Health and Ageing
  Planning WHO GRC planning approval received March 2020 January 2020  Scope The proposed scope for this guideline has been developed and is available here.
  The proposed scope for this guideline was developed following the public hearing in which stakeholders expressed their views.
 
The proposed scope for this guideline has been developed and is available at the following link:
WHO Guideline for the management of chronic pain in children 
 
   Public hearing A public hearing regarding the scope of the guideline took place on 19 February 2020. The written statements submitted on the guideline have been consolidated and can be found here. A public hearing in relation to the scope of the guideline for the management of chronic pain in children was held on 16th January 2020. Views were expressed on the proposed scope by 49 different stakeholders across the different WHO regions. These included academic groups, NGOs, practitioners and patient representatives.  Appointment of GDG The list of Guideline Development Group members has been confirmed and is available here.
 
Public comments on the proposed list were accepted until 9th February 2020. The list of Guideline Development Group members for the guideline for the management of chronic pain in children is available here.
 
Public comments on the proposed list were accepted until 14 January 2020.
   Planning- initial GDG meeting The first GDG meeting was held in June 2020 to finalise the scope of the guideline.
 
A second GDG meeting is scheduled for 15th December 2020 to prioritise outcomes. The first GDG meeting was held on 24th January 2020 to finalise the scope of the guideline and prioritise outcomes. 
 
The guideline will answer the following key question: among children with chronic pain (population), would giving pharmacologic, physical, psychological or a combination of these (intervention), compared to standard care or active comparators (comparator), result in change of pain experience, functional disability, health-related quality of life and other critical outcomes (outcomes)?
   Synthesis of evidence WHO Procurement issued a Request for Proposals (RFP) from specialist technical experts. A systematic review team has been selected. WHO Procurement issued a Request for Proposals (RFP) from specialist technical experts. A systematic review team was selected.
 
Systematic and comprehensive evidence retrieval and synthesis on the effectiveness, safety and sociocultural acceptability of the possible interventions is being done by the Cochrane Pain, Palliative and Supportive Care (PaPas) group, Cochrane Qualitative Implementation methods Group (QIMG) and the Cochrane Response team. Development Development- GDG meeting A GDG meeting is planned for May 2021 to review the outcomes of the systematic review and evidence synthesis A second meeting of the GDG took place on 14-18 September 2020 wherein they formulated recommendations based on the evidence and other explicit considerations. Editing / peer review External Review Group An External Review Group (ERG) has been appointed for consultation and peer review An External Review Group (ERG) has been appointed for consultation and peer review. Finalisation Expected publication date The final guideline will be submitted to the WHO Guideline Review Committee for final approval.
 
The guideline is expected to be published Mid 2021 The final guideline was submitted to the WHO Guideline Review Committee on 15 October 2020 and have been approved.
 
The guideline is expected to be published in December 2020

 

Interim guidance: Whilst the documents are being updated, countries in need of guidance on pain management can:

Related information briefs:

January Update here.

27 August 2019: WHO revision of pain management guidelines

20 June 2019: Web statement on pain management guidance(https://www.who.int/medicines/areas/quality_safety/guide_on_pain/en/

Document updated on 21 January 2020 with further details on the Policy guideline.

COVID-19 Forecasts: Hospitalizations

2019 Novel Coronavirus (CDC) - Mie, 11/25/2020 - 07:00
Learn about COVID-19 forecasts and modeling for new hospitalizations.
Categorii: C.D.C. (U.S.)

Preparedness Tools for Healthcare Professionals and Facilities Responding to Coronavirus (COVID-19)

2019 Novel Coronavirus (CDC) - Mie, 11/25/2020 - 07:00
To aid healthcare professionals and hospitals, CDC has developed two checklists that identify key actions that can be taken now to enhance preparedness for potential or confirmed patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).
Categorii: C.D.C. (U.S.)

About CDC COVID-19 Data

2019 Novel Coronavirus (CDC) - Mie, 11/25/2020 - 07:00
CDC reports COVID-19 case counts, deaths, and laboratory testing numbers daily online. Data on the COVID-19 website and CDC's COVID Data Tracker are based on the most recent numbers reported by states, territories, and other jurisdictions. Data are dependent on jurisdictions' timely and accurate reporting.
Categorii: C.D.C. (U.S.)

ECDC opens ESCAIDE 2020 digital conference

ECDC - News - Mar, 11/24/2020 - 14:00
The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) is today opening the 2020 European Scientific Conference on Applied Infectious Disease Epidemiology (ESCAIDE). A key theme at the ESCAIDE conference is COVID-19, with two plenaries that will focus on the epidemiology, societal impact and effectiveness of measures taken with respect to the pandemic.
Categorii: C.D.C. (Europe)

Different COVID-19 Vaccines

2019 Novel Coronavirus (CDC) - Mar, 11/24/2020 - 07:00
Overview of what you should know about the different COVID-19 vaccines, including vaccine types and how they work to provide protection against COVID-19, which vaccines have been authorized and recommended in the United States, and which are in Phase 3 clinical trials.
Categorii: C.D.C. (U.S.)

Yellow fever – Nigeria

Disease outbreak news - Mar, 11/24/2020 - 02:00
Reports of a cluster of deaths from an undiagnosed disease were notified on 1 November 2020 through Event Based Surveillance in two states, Delta and Enugu, located in southern Nigeria.

The city of lights glows teal for cervical cancer elimination

WHO news - Lun, 11/23/2020 - 16:01
Paris, the City of Lights, celebrated the world’s historic commitment to eliminate cervical cancer by illuminating in teal on November 17th

Strategies for Optimizing Supply of N95 Respirators

2019 Novel Coronavirus (CDC) - Lun, 11/23/2020 - 07:00
Learn how to optimize N95 respirators during COVID-19.
Categorii: C.D.C. (U.S.)

Recommendations for Tribal Ceremonies and Gatherings During the COVID-19 Outbreak

2019 Novel Coronavirus (CDC) - Lun, 11/23/2020 - 07:00
Recommendations to help tribal communities, elders, and leaders decide how best to keep their communities safe and work to prevent the spread of COVID-19 when holding tribal ceremonies such as sweat lodge gatherings, seasonal ceremonies, pow wows and rodeos.
Categorii: C.D.C. (U.S.)

CDC's role in helping cruise ship travelers during the COVID-19 pandemic

2019 Novel Coronavirus (CDC) - Lun, 11/23/2020 - 07:00
This guidance provides recommendations on the cleaning and disinfection of rooms or areas occupied by those with suspected or with confirmed COVID-19. It is aimed at limiting the survival of SARS-CoV-2 in key environments.
Categorii: C.D.C. (U.S.)

Travelers Returning from Cruise Ship and River Cruise Voyages

2019 Novel Coronavirus (CDC) - Lun, 11/23/2020 - 07:00
CDC recommends that all people defer travel on cruise ships, including river cruises, worldwide. That's because the risk of COVID-19 on cruise ships is high. Older adults and people with serious chronic medical conditions, such as heart disease, diabetes, or lung disease, should especially defer travel on cruise ships, including river cruises, because of their increased risk for severe disease.
Categorii: C.D.C. (U.S.)

Community Mitigation

2019 Novel Coronavirus (CDC) - Lun, 11/23/2020 - 07:00
Actions that persons and communities can take to help slow the transmission of the virus in communities.
Categorii: C.D.C. (U.S.)

Household Checklist

2019 Novel Coronavirus (CDC) - Lun, 11/23/2020 - 07:00
You can plan and make decisions now that will protect you and your family during a COVID-19 outbreak. Learn what you can do to prepare your home and family.
Categorii: C.D.C. (U.S.)

Strategies for Optimizing the Supply of Facemasks

2019 Novel Coronavirus (CDC) - Lun, 11/23/2020 - 07:00
Purpose: This document offers a series of strategies or options to optimize supplies of facemasks in healthcare settings when there is limited supply. It does not address other aspects of pandemic planning; for those, healthcare facilities can refer to COVID-19 preparedness plans.
Categorii: C.D.C. (U.S.)

State Public Health Veterinarians and Animal Health Officials

2019 Novel Coronavirus (CDC) - Lun, 11/23/2020 - 07:00
Recommendations, guidance and other tools for state public health veterinarians and animal health officials to help slow the spread of COVID-19.
Categorii: C.D.C. (U.S.)

COVID-19 Travel Recommendations by Country

2019 Novel Coronavirus (CDC) - Sâm, 11/21/2020 - 07:00
Search COVID-19 risk assessment by country larger map
Categorii: C.D.C. (U.S.)

Testing and International Air Travel

2019 Novel Coronavirus (CDC) - Sâm, 11/21/2020 - 07:00
Testing 1-3 days before and 2-5 days after travel may reduce the risk of spreading COVID-19. Testing does not eliminate all risk, but when combined with everyday precautions like wearing masks, social distancing, and handwashing, it can make travel safer by reducing spread on planes and in airports and at travelers' destinations.
Categorii: C.D.C. (U.S.)

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