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CDC's Role in Tracking Variants

2019 Novel Coronavirus (CDC) - Thu, 06/17/2021 - 07:00
Variants of SARS-CoV-2 have been detected in the U.S. and around the world. Learn about surveillance methods CDC uses to keep track of variants.
Categories: C.D.C. (U.S.)

ECDC supports EU/EEA Member States in rapid detection of SARS-CoV-2 variants

ECDC - News - Wed, 06/16/2021 - 15:00
ECDC and the European Commission’s Directorate-General for Health and Food Safety (DG SANTE) have launched a number of activities to help strengthen EU/EEA Member States’ capacity for detection of SARS-CoV-2 variants in the shorter and longer term. These activities are one of five action areas of the ‘HERA Incubator’, a new EU bio-defence preparedness plan against SARS-CoV-2 variants launched by the European Commission on 17 February 2021.
Categories: C.D.C. (Europe)

v-safe COVID-19 Vaccine Pregnancy Registry

2019 Novel Coronavirus (CDC) - Wed, 06/16/2021 - 07:00
V-safe COVID-19 Vaccine Pregnancy Registry
Categories: C.D.C. (U.S.)

ECDC begins epidemic monitoring of the EURO 2020/2021 Football Championship

ECDC - News - Tue, 06/15/2021 - 15:00
The month-long European football competition will see 24 teams playing for the top European prize across eleven host countries, observed by some 460 000 spectators. ECDC has already begun enhanced epidemic intelligence activities to monitor the Championship and help keep it safe.
Categories: C.D.C. (Europe)

Cleaning and Disinfecting Your Facility

2019 Novel Coronavirus (CDC) - Tue, 06/15/2021 - 07:00
Plain language cleaning and disinfection guidance (for community settings)
Categories: C.D.C. (U.S.)

Frequently Asked Questions about COVID-19 Vaccination

2019 Novel Coronavirus (CDC) - Tue, 06/15/2021 - 07:00
Answers to commonly asked questions about COVID-19 vaccines, including vaccine cost, availability, and types.
Categories: C.D.C. (U.S.)

Soaring e-waste affects the health of millions of children, WHO warns

WHO news - Mon, 06/14/2021 - 12:09

Effective and binding action is urgently required to protect the millions of children, adolescents and expectant mothers worldwide whose health is jeopardized by the informal processing of discarded electrical or electronic devices according to a new ground-breaking report from the World Health Organization: Children and Digital Dumpsites.

“With mounting volumes of production and disposal, the world faces what one recent international forum described as a mounting “tsunami of e-waste”, putting lives and health at risk.” said Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO Director-General. "In the same way the world has rallied to protect the seas and their ecosystems from plastic and microplastic pollution, we need to rally to protect our most valuable resource –the health of our children – from the growing threat of e-waste.”

As many as 12.9 million women are working in the informal waste sector, which potentially exposes them to toxic e-waste and puts them and their unborn children at risk.

Meanwhile more than 18 million children and adolescents, some as young as 5 years of age, are actively engaged in the informal industrial sector, of which waste processing is a sub-sector. Children are often engaged by parents or caregivers in e-waste recycling because their small hands are more dexterous than those of adults. Other children live, go to school and play near e-waste recycling centres where high levels of toxic chemicals, mostly lead and mercury, can damage their intellectual abilities 

Children exposed to e-waste are particularly vulnerable to the toxic chemicals they contain due to their smaller size, less developed organs and rapid rate of growth and development. They absorb more pollutants relative to their size and are less able to metabolize or eradicate toxic substances from their bodies.

Impact of e-waste on human health

Workers, aiming to recover valuable materials such as copper and gold, are at risk of exposure to over 1,000 harmful substances, including lead, mercury, nickel, brominated flame retardants and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs).

For an expectant mother, exposure to toxic e-waste can affect the health and development of her unborn child for the rest of its life. Potential adverse health effects include negative birth outcomes, such as stillbirth and premature births, as well as low birth weight and length.  Exposure to lead from e-waste recycling activities has been associated with significantly reduced neonatal behavioural neurological assessment scores, increased rates of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), behavioural problems, changes in child temperament, sensory integration difficulties, and reduced cognitive and language scores.

Other adverse child health impacts linked to e-waste include changes in lung function, respiratory and respiratory effects, DNA damage, impaired thyroid function and increased risk of some chronic diseases later in life, such as cancer and cardiovascular disease.

“A child who eats just one chicken egg from Agbogbloshie, a waste site in Ghana, will absorb 220 times the European Food Safety Authority daily limit for intake of chlorinated dioxins,” said Marie-Noel Brune Drisse, the lead WHO author on the report. “Improper e-waste management is the cause.  This is a rising issue that many countries do not recognize yet as a health problem. If they do not act now, its impacts will have a devastating health effect on children and lay a heavy burden on the health sector in the years to come.” 

A rapidly escalating problem

E-waste volumes are surging globally. According to the Global E-waste Statistics Partnership (GESP), they grew by 21% in the five years up to 2019, when 53.6 million metric tonnes of e-waste were generated.  For perspective, last year’s e-waste weighed as much as 350 cruise ships placed end to end to form a line 125km long. This growth is projected to continue as the use of computers, mobile phones and other electronics continues to expand, alongside their rapid obsolescence. 

Only 17.4% of e-waste produced in 2019 reached formal management or recycling facilities, according to the most recent GESP estimates, the rest was illegally dumped, overwhelmingly in low- or middle-income countries, where it is recycled by informal workers.

Appropriate collection and recycling of e-waste is key to protect the environment and reduce climate emissions. In 2019, the GESP found that the 17.4% of e-waste that was collected and appropriately recycled prevented as much as 15 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalents from being released into the environment.

Call to Action

Children and Digital Dumpsites calls for effective and binding action by exporters, importers and governments to ensure environmentally sound disposal of e-waste and the health and safety of workers, their families and communities; to monitor e-waste exposure and health outcomes; to facilitate better reuse of materials; and to encourage the manufacture of more durable electronic and electrical equipment.

It also calls on the health community to take action to reduce the adverse health effects from e-waste, by building health sector capacity to diagnose, monitor and prevent toxic exposure among children and women, raising awareness of the potential co-benefits of more responsible recycling, working with affected communities and advocating for better data and health research on the health risks faced by informal e-waste workers.

“Children and adolescents have the right to grow and learn in a healthy environment, and exposure to electrical and electronic waste and its many toxic components unquestionably impacts that right,” said Dr Maria Neira, Director, Department of Environment, Climate Change and Health, at the WHO. “The health sector can play a role by providing leadership and advocacy, conducting research, influencing policy-makers, engaging communities, and reaching out to other sectors to demand that health concerns be made central to e-waste policies.”

 

Note for editors:

A significant proportion of e-waste produced every year is exported from high-income countries to low- and middle-income countries, where there may be a lack of regulation, or where regulation does exist, it may be poorly enforced. Here, e-waste is dismantled, recycled and refurbished in environments where infrastructure, training and environmental and health safeguards may be non-existent or poorly adhered to. This places e-waste workers, their families and communities in greater danger of adverse health effects from e-waste recycling.

The WHO Initiative on E-waste and Child Health, launched in 2013, aims to increase access to evidence, knowledge and awareness of the health impacts of e-waste; improve health sector capacity to manage and prevent risks, track progress and promote e-waste policies that better protect child health; and improve monitoring of exposure to e-waste and the facilitation of interventions that protect public health.

The report was produced with the input and support of the E-Waste Coalition,

a group of 10 UN agencies and international organizations, including the WHO, who have come together to increase collaboration, build partnerships and more efficiently provide support to Member States to address the e-waste challenge.

 

CDC's COVID-19 Weekly Partner Calls

2019 Novel Coronavirus (CDC) - Mon, 06/14/2021 - 07:00
CDC's COVID-19 Weekly Partner Calls provide a broad base of partners with updates on the latest guidance, hot topics, and scientific insight on CDC's COVID-19 response efforts. Each week the call focuses on a specific topic, diving deeply to provide more information, followed by a Q&A portion of the call. Questions are accepted ahead of time from the general public, and though not all questions are able to be answered during the call, as many are answered as possible.
Categories: C.D.C. (U.S.)

Nucleic Acid Amplification Tests (NAATs)

2019 Novel Coronavirus (CDC) - Mon, 06/14/2021 - 07:00
A Nucleic Acid Amplification Test, or NAAT, is a type of viral diagnostic test for SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19.
Categories: C.D.C. (U.S.)

Guidance for SARS-CoV-2 Point-of-Care Testing

2019 Novel Coronavirus (CDC) - Mon, 06/14/2021 - 07:00
This CDC webpage provides guidance on the regulatory requirements for SARS-CoV-2 POC testing, using POC tests safely, and information on reporting POC test results.
Categories: C.D.C. (U.S.)

Testing Strategies for SARS-CoV-2

2019 Novel Coronavirus (CDC) - Mon, 06/14/2021 - 07:00
This guidance describes and compares different types of SARS-CoV-2 (the virus that causes COVID-19) testing strategies, including their intended use and applications, regulatory requirements, and reporting requirements.
Categories: C.D.C. (U.S.)

Air Travel Toolkit for Airline Partners

2019 Novel Coronavirus (CDC) - Mon, 06/14/2021 - 07:00
Communication Toolkit for Airlines to inform Travelers and Crew
Categories: C.D.C. (U.S.)

Road Travel Toolkit for Transportation Partners

2019 Novel Coronavirus (CDC) - Mon, 06/14/2021 - 07:00
Communication Toolkit for Transportation Partners to Inform Road Travelers
Categories: C.D.C. (U.S.)

COVID-19 Employer Information for Paratransit Operators

2019 Novel Coronavirus (CDC) - Mon, 06/14/2021 - 07:00
Provides employers of paratransit operators with information on COVID-19 and how to protect their workforce on the job.
Categories: C.D.C. (U.S.)

Public Health Recommendations

2019 Novel Coronavirus (CDC) - Mon, 06/14/2021 - 07:00
Healthcare professionals, find information on public health recommendations for caring for patients with post-COVID conditions.
Categories: C.D.C. (U.S.)

Patient History and Physical Exam

2019 Novel Coronavirus (CDC) - Mon, 06/14/2021 - 07:00
Healthcare professionals, find suggested workup for post-COVID conditions.
Categories: C.D.C. (U.S.)

Management

2019 Novel Coronavirus (CDC) - Mon, 06/14/2021 - 07:00
Healthcare professionals, find information on medical management of post-COVID conditions, holistic support for patients with post-COVID conditions, and on patient groups with special considerations.
Categories: C.D.C. (U.S.)

General Clinical Considerations

2019 Novel Coronavirus (CDC) - Mon, 06/14/2021 - 07:00
Find general post-COVID care considerations, considerations for follow-up care from hospital admission, and considerations for SARS-CoV-2 infection or mild-to-moderate acute COVID-19 treated in an outpatient setting.
Categories: C.D.C. (U.S.)

Background

2019 Novel Coronavirus (CDC) - Mon, 06/14/2021 - 07:00
Healthcare professionals, find background for post-COVID conditions from the detailed guidance on evaluating and caring for patients with post-COVID conditions.
Categories: C.D.C. (U.S.)

Assessment and Testing

2019 Novel Coronavirus (CDC) - Mon, 06/14/2021 - 07:00
Healthcare professionals, find information on laboratory testing and other assessment and testing for evaluating and caring for patients with post-COVID conditions.
Categories: C.D.C. (U.S.)

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